Thursday, 4 July 2013

GREEN HOMES IN INDIA

 



GREEN HOMES



For the modern home owner, the pressure to implement green sustainable systems and source eco-friendly green products and services is overwhelming. Between the growing bodies of government regulations, public concern for environmental / green issues and rising expense of raw materials and energy, the grounds for owners to go for “Green” homes is compelling.

What we do
We demystify the understanding and implementation of Green Homes.

- Design and Architectural support - Green Building perspective 
- Construction, Project Management, “Green” Material Sourcing
- Solar Path Analysis – ensuring optimal use of the Sun in your home
- Fresh Air and ventilation planning  
- Water management - clean and adequate supply for years to come
- Energy Optimization – Energy planning - immediate and future needs

Plan and make a “Green” home within your budget without compromising on any of your Requirements / Comforts / Luxuries.
It all starts from the design – since ancient times we have always built keeping in mind the sun movement and the wind flow. Vaastu (without any religious connotation) is integral to all building designs.

Solutions to deal with the design
 - orientation and stilts, heat sinks etc.
More concepts and knowledge is pouring into the basin of Sustainability - which is fantastic for this critical science for sustaining 7 billion (and adding) inhabitants on mother earth. A lot of knowledge is relevant locally due to obvious geographical differences. Design has to be relevant to the times, the people, the purpose and the location.

“Sun-path analysis”
 forms the first step of planning a Green Building. An extensive computer-assisted analysis is made of how the sun will impact the proposed site/structure to enable planners/architects and Green Building professionals to harness the power and yet shield from the wrath of this magnificent power-generator. Ancient India was probably the first civilization to study this science.
No wonder Indians have the lowest rate of Vitamin D deficiency (thanks to abundant sunshine) we also have the lowest per capita incidences of Skin Cancer (thanks to our general distaste of sun-bathing)     

The green solution
Nature can hugely subsidize our comfort. Pre-cooling and free cooling are concepts that ensure lower dependence on energy to keep buildings cool. If one is able to keep a building cool by smart planning of design and materials – one can enjoy free-cooling. If one can use non-compressor based options such as air-washers, tunnel-coolers and any other non-conventional tool to cool buildings one would be less dependent on grid-generated energy and hence be Greener.   

Air-conditioning
 is a huge source of power consumption and lot of diligence is given to evolving the optimal solution. The gases used for cooling have to be eco-friendly, the choices of central vs. individual units has to be made based on local geography, usage patterns, technology choices have to be made with regards to the latest options available. This is an area which requires detailed SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats)

Waste Management
This also is a very important element of Green Homes wherein all waste is suitably recycled/disposed off with minimal impact on the environment.

Water Management
 - concept of zero discharge building – 100% water recycling - Rain water harvesting and collection pits.

With a robust growth of global population and stress on fresh water reserves there is growing need to conserve water – Drinking water and water for washing/cleaning/watering plants etc.

100% water recycling and Zero discharge buildings have become a reality. Rainwater harvesting is critical since billions of liters of fresh water (mostly pumped from underground reserves) ends-up in waste drains and rivers going into oceans thus depleting the ground-water table. Collection pits are being created in urban areas and public parks to harvest it back to the ground-water table which has fallen to incredible depths in many parts of India. 

Conservation Features- Recycle, Reuse & Recharge 
The Mantra “reduce, recycle and reuse” is importantly addressed in Green Buildings for three basic requirements – Air, Water and Fire (energy source)

For “Air” the mantra is defined as enabling Green Buildings to have uninterrupted access to fresh / clean air inside the building while generating clean air in its vicinity (while being constructed or later when the building is being used by its occupants)   The idea is simply to innovatively use design, technology, construction practices and when occupied, sustainable practices to ensure fresh / clean air inside and outside the building.

Similarly for “Water” the mantra in Green Buildings is to have uninterrupted access to fresh / clean water inside the building while generating lowest possible levels of waste water. The waste water, if any, is used in the buildings vicinity for purposes of greening the areas inside and outside. Again, the idea is to innovatively use design, technology, construction practices and when occupied, sustainable practices to ensure fresh / clean water inside and outside the building. To lower dependence on the ground-water table and/or any other municipal source of water.

“Water” management in Green Buildings is critical. Green Buildings ensure that they have uninterrupted access to fresh / clean water for drinking and grey water for Bathrooms and facility management. While great attention to detail is given to ensure that the waste water generated is treated, reused and disposed-off judiciously. The waste water, if any, is used in the buildings’ vicinity for purposes of greening the areas inside and outside. Care is taken to ensure low dependence on the ground-water table and/or any other municipal source of water.

“Natural Light” is used extensively for lighting majority of the building during daylight hours. During non daylight-hours lighting is provided by low-consumption eco friendly lighting by LED lights, CFL bulbs, Solar generated power-backed lighting.
 
  

THE NEW EDIBLE LANDSCAPE

THE NEW EDIBLE LANDSCAPE

It looks like Leslie’s tips on starting your own edible garden have garnered some serious attention. In the April 2013 issue of Sunset, one of Leslie’s projects is featured as one of ten ways to get planting this spring

SINKER CYPRESS

SINKER CYPRESS

Sinker Cypress is one of the most stunning and beautiful woods that we at Arc Wood & Timbers have the honor to reclaim and custom mill for our clients. Its rich color ranges from deep honeycomb gold to dark olive green depending on the water regions where the logs are found. Sinker Cypress (also known as Deadhead Cypress, Heart Cypress, or River Recovered Cypress) describes harvested trees that sank as they floated down rivers in log rafts to the nearest sawmill
Historians estimate that anywhere from 10% to 20% of the logged virgin growth Bald Cypress trees met this watery fate. Most of the Sinker Cypress logs that we salvage from the southeastern region of North America have been under water for the past 80 to 130 years. Radiocarbon studies have dated Sinker Cypress logs as old as 30,000 years. These ancient logs likely blew down millenniums ago in gale force hurricanes. This incredible underwater preservation is a testament to the durability and resiliency of this unique lumber. The heartwood of Sinker Cypress contains Cypressene oil. The highest concentrations of Cypressene are found in the old growth Sinker Cypress logs. This oil creates a natural preservative making Sinker Cypress one of the most rot- and insect resistant woods in the world.
Cypress trees were girdled or “ringed” 1 year in advance of logging to drain the water and kill the tree on the stump. This would reduce the weight of the tree so that they would float down the rivers to the mill.
In the words of one of the river loggers we work with, “This stuff doesn’t grow on trees anymore.” And he’s absolutely right. The color and density of grain found in the heartwood of Sinker Cypress cannot be replicated from the younger 2nd or 3rd growth Bald Cypress trees currently harvested in the United States today. As Sinker Cypress logs lay on the swamp and riverbed floors, the wood fiber starts to absorb the minerals and tannins found in the surrounding water to create breathtaking colors. Muddy river bottoms can lend to hues of olive green, while sandy bottoms of water can result in deep, rich reds and golds. Sinker Cypress logs can have 40 to 50 growth rings per inch, creating an extremely dense grain. Many of these old-growth trees were 1,000 to 1,800 years old before they were harvested. This translates to an unparalleled stability in the wood and an appearance that is one-of-a-kind.
110’ long sinker cypress log milled for an Arc Wood & Timbers project in 2013.
Sinker Cypress is an excellent option for interior paneling and ceiling decking, as well as for exterior siding, soffit, trim, doors and windows. It can also be structurally graded for rafters, beam and post applications. The clear “select” grade of Sinker Cypress is ideal for contemporary modern home designs. The #1 or #2 Common grades, which can include knots and light peck, are suitable for more rustic, “mountain” style homes. Highlights of the Sinker Cypress include: • Deep, rich colors ranging from golden honeycomb to dark olive green resulting from underwater aging over the past century. • Clear Vertical Grain “select” grade material is ideal for contemporary modern home interiors and exteriors. • Rich in history and character.
Vertical Grain select boards at the mill highlighting the olive and golden hues found in Sinker Cypress.
A rare grade of Sinker Cypress, called Pecky Cypress, is caused by a fungus while the tree is still alive. This rare fungus acts as an artisan sculptor by producing narrow oval shaped carvings within the tree’s growth rings while it’s growing. When these Pecky Cypress logs are milled, the peck within the wood fiber creates naturally distressed looking lumber. The fungus disappears once the trees are harvested, leaving behind only its life’s work sculpted into the wood. Pecky Cypress produces paneling and ceiling decking for beautifully rustic interior finishes.
Pecky Cypress Wall Paneling
We are continually surprised and captivated by the beauty of this wood and how nature takes its course to preserve and enhance the character and color of Sinker Cypress over time. With every log that we split open, we never know exactly what we are going to find inside as far as grain & color. It’s like unwrapping a present not knowing what you are going to find inside. We find more often than not that our clients choose to finish their Sinker Cypress material with a clear stain or sealer to simply enhance the natural colors of the material. We hope you love Sinker Cypress as much as we do.
Sinker Cypress used for exterior shiplap siding for an Arc Wood & Timbers project in Hawaii.

A native to Northern California, Lance Karnan’s interest in wood started early while working as an apprentice on his Dad’s commercial and residential construction projects.  After graduating from the University of San Diego with a degree in business and marketing, he moved to San Francisco.  For the next 10 years, Lance worked for both Oracle Corporation and Exodus Communications in contract, sales and management roles.  In 2003, Lance left the high-tech world to travel.  During his year abroad, he committed to pursuing a livelihood he could be passionate about.   Lance wanted to grow a company that made something tangible that could be appreciated from the moment it was delivered to the client. When he returned home, he reunited with his close childhood friend David Ferst to rebuild Arc Wood & Timbers.  Lance continues to live in San Francisco with his wife Tammy and their son Luke.  Always on the lookout for rare and cool woods, Lance also enjoys skiing, golfing, mountain biking and paddle boarding.

BLACK TREE – A SOLAR CHARGING STATION

BLACK TREE – A SOLAR CHARGING STATION

Conceived by architect Milos Milivojevic for a public park in Serbia, this tree-like park folly cleverly supports a solar panel canopy with its sculptural trunk and branches.
The canopy is angled to take advantage of the optimum solar angle while also providing shade for its occupants seated on the wooden bench below. Solar energy from the canopy is used to power a raised black bar in the middle of the bench with flexible hanging cords, offering a place to recharge mobile phones and other multimedia devices while you relax and enjoy the view.

the 2030 challenge

Green Architecture’s New Goal: Affordable But Stylish Sustainability

The number of sustainable buildings has soared in the past years and along with it, the market in green-building products and services has increased to more than $12 billion today from around $7 billion in 2005.
The 2030 Challenge, proposed by New Mexico architect, Edward Mazria, is aiming to eliminate fossil-fuel-based energy use in all U.S. buildings by 2030. It may seem impossible, but Mazria says it can be achieved by building smaller houses that require less energy, Washington Posts reports.
Currently 25 percent of building-related greenhouse gas is produced on-site by fossil-fuel-burning furnaces and water heaters. The rest is produced off-site by the local utility that generates electricity.
Mazria says the majority of his initial 50 percent reduction of greenhouse emissions could be met by simply focusing on reducing the heating requirements for houses.
The first step is to reduce a house’s size.
Next would be to find greenhouse reductions in houses built before central heating and air conditioning. The basic building shapes underneath the embellishments offer practical responses to the local climate.
Mazria’s third recommendation is for houses to orientate the main living areas southward, so heat from the sunlight can be tapped during the day.
The final step would be to switch from conventional heating, cooling, and hot water equipment to those fueled by renewable sources, which can be costly.
Mazria acknowledges that some requirements may not be on par with 21st century comfort and aesthetic levels, and could be more expensive; posing a new challenge for many architects.
Norman Weinstein writes in the Christian Science Monitor:
 A beautiful green building requires a team effort to juggle the potentially conflicting values of utility, beauty, cost, durability, and sustainability. In a perfect world where the building owner has buckets of money, these values might only minimally clash, and the trade-offs between sustainability and aesthetics might be minor. For example, if you have enough money to install a hardwood floor for your home, you can use a green material such as bamboo (which takes seven years to mature compared with oak’s 120 years). But like other ecofriendly materials that possess an exotic beauty, the best ecological choice may well be costlier than the more commonly used oak.
While it remains a challenge for many green architects, Weinstein offers some examples of innovative designs for both residential and commercial use that integrates the best of both worlds. Two examples are a “quilted” sculptor’s studio-living in British Columbia, which integrates recycled material with new cedar, and Sanyo Corporation’s solar energy interactive museum.

green architecture

Green Architecture is a term used to describe economical, energy-saving, environmentally-friendly, sustainable development.

  Green architecture is becoming increasingly mainstream with the lots of eco-friendly architectural innovations and simple of-the-shelf construction products to help ‘green’ living.

  Green architecture seeks to minimize the negative environmental impact of buildings by enhancing efficiency and moderation in the use of materials, energy, and development space.

An eco-friendly space requires planning as much as commitment towards a better future

Principles of Green Architecture

EPrinciples of Green Architecture: Energy Efficiency

      design passive solar energy facilities use energy efficient appliances, solar panels and heat pump technology

      Use of computer sensor controlled energy saving devices; like automatic dimmers for lighting and occupancy sensors to adjust air-conditioning automatically

      centralise plumbing, insulate cold/hot water piping

      Using energy saving lighting like CFL

      Install Monitor Power Management Software

      Use of low power computers

Principles of Green Architecture: Water Conservation

      collect rainwater for external use i.e. garden/washing car

      use water conserving appliances including toilets, shower, taps, washing machine and dish washer  eg. Low flow faucets, water saving dual flush tanks

      reduce irrigation and surface water run-off

Principles of Green Architecture:  Low Environmental Impact

      include water permeable landscape features

      enhance native bush and create edible gardens

      establish home recycling bins and garden composting.

Principles of Green Architecture: Building Materials

      Certified Wood - Specify wood from certified sustainably managed forests.

      select low volatile organic compounds (VOC) and toxic-free paints, finishes and adhesives

      use materials that permit the building membrane to 'breathe'

      apply natural floor surfaces such as tile, timber and linoleum

      use sustainable solid timbers rather than processed composite sheet materials

      use inert gypsum-based wall and ceiling linings.

      Rapidly Renewable Materials such as straw, bamboo and some woods

Principles of Green Architecture: Sustainability

      think globally -act locally

      reduce CO2 production, ozone and resource depletion, rainforest destruction and erosion

      encourage environmentally-friendly technologies and sustainable solutions

Principles of Green Architecture: Waste Reduction

      select materials using recycled components

      design for re-use and recycling

      control and reduce waste and packaging

      reduce resource consumption.

Principles of Green Architecture: Health and Wellbeing

      meet the basic physical, emotional and spiritual needs of the occupants

      consider healthy lighting, colour and sound, controlled temperature and humidity and good indoor air quality to enhance the living environment

      reduce formaldehyde emissions and use pollution fighting indoor plants

      create an asthma aware home i.e. no fitted carpets, reduced ledges, low-allergen gardens

      apply an integrated wiring system for lighting, power, security, fire alarm and audio facilities

      design a safe and user-friendly space

Principles of Green ArchitectureEconomic Performance

      consider maintenance of the space plus initial 'running costs' pay-back period

      strive for a balance between ecological integrity and economic viability.

Principles of Green Architecture: Community Support

      use local resources, skills, labour, crafts and art

      consider local facilities and utilities

 

Points for a Green office

1. Open plan

2. Big atrium

3. Communal desks for multiple users

4. Terra cotta Floor tiles and fly ash bricks are eco-friendly

5. Clear, white walls, eco-paints

6. Large, well-insulated double glazed windows, with solar shades

7. Solar panels

8. Windmill

9. Low-energy computers

 

LEADERSHIP IN ENERGY IN ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN-LEED

Eco-friendly buildings are the buzz in the world of sustainable energy. Architects are becoming one with certification programs such as LEED, which offers tools for those within the green building industry. LEED, an acronym for Leadership in Energy in Environmental Design, sets a standard for improving energy usage and lowering the carbon imprint, as well for innovation and design.
William J. Clinton Presidential Library – Little Rock Receiving a platinum certification, the highest level of recognition from LEED, The Clinton Library increased its previous recycling capacities, and began using the roof top garden for rainforest harvesting and indoor climate regulation. The increased recycling capacities were accomplished by utilizing recycled paper, metal and glass products, as well as the usage of eco-friendly light bulbs.
On a daily basis environmentally friendly cleaning products, and low VOC content maintenance products are used. The Clinton Foundation implemented several initiatives for water savings and energy conservation in the Clinton Library park grounds.
Bank of America, New YorkOne strong consideration for the B of A building was the design/development of the superior ventilation system resulting in a reduction of airborne contaminants. It is estimated that this alone will result in 10% to 15% productivity gains, as it lessens time lost to employee illness due to indoor air pollution.
Although not a favorite with PETA, the lobby walls are lined with recycled leather hides, floors are bamboo finished, and various additional recycled amenities add to the ambiance. The heart of the building is, of course, behind the scenes with heating coming from a gas fired turbine and air condition receiving a boost from massive amounts of on-site produced ice.
In addition, a feature that collects rainwater and collects potable water is in place, saving over ten million gallons of fresh water per year. Solar panels are standard fare, and add to the high standards this building set for sustainable commercial construction.

ecofriendly lakeside housing complex

Eco-Friendly Lakeside Housing Complex
Eco-Friendly Lakeside Housing Complex

Building residences into nature is always a tricky proposition, as architects must balance the needs of clients with the imperative to protect surrounding ecosystems. These homes are at once connected to the natural environment but also placed in order to avoid displacing existing species. They are also outfitted with a variety of standard sustainable strategies.

High Tech Luxury Green Resort

High Tech Luxury Green Resort
High Tech Luxury Green Resort


Green and high-tech are the last things most people expect to see go hand and hand. Whether it is ever sustainable to construction million-dollar villas, however, is a discussion that can be put aside long enough to admire these sleek and generally sustainable designs. At the very least, the buildings themselves employ eco-friendly building strategies and access to them is only granted by foot or via electric cars.

Triangular Sustainable Skyscraper Design

Triangular Sustainable Skyscraper Design
Triangular Sustainable Skyscraper Design

What looks like a massive pyramid from one angle is dizzlyingly thin in profile – as much a shocking design choice as it is a neighborly one to reduce the shadow cast on other structures which would reduce their exposure to natural daylight. At the same time, its curious orientation also gives it the ability to take greater advantage of prevailing winds for energy purposes

Mixed Use Siberian Super Spire

Mixed Use Siberian Super Spire
Mixed Use Siberian Super Spire

Such a stunning structure may be one of the last things one would expect to find in the far frozen reaches of Siberia. This mixed-use building packs a vast array of programs into a singular and unified but expressive spatial configuration atop a hill visible for miles around. Living, working and recreation uses are intermingled cozily under a single roof. Given the harsh climate of the region it is no surprise that the architects integrated a number of strategies to make maximum use of daylight and solar heating, particularly during the coldest winter months of the year. 

Sustainably Sleek Motor Sports Center

Sustainably Sleek Motor Sports Center
Sustainably Sleek Motor Sports Center

The stunning roof design of this futuristic motor sports center is designed to resemble the curves of a racing car but also to conform to sun and wind patterns to make maximum use of sustainable energy-harvesting strategies. Interior and exterior spaces are blended to connect visitors with racers and, overall, this design is an excellent example of integrating aesthetics with green thinking from the very start of the project.

Portable Prefab Stadium Performance Space

Portable Prefab Stadium Performance Space
Portable Prefab Stadium Performance Space

Most on-the-road shows these days bring everything with them but the venue, unlike circuses and carnivals of old. This proposed stadium and performance space structure is designed to be collapsed and rebuilt in virtually any location – a future way of re-envisioning the classic mobile production concept. Some of the structure is ultra-light-weight, other parts are inflatable and the entire set of building materials is designed to be stored with minimum unused space inside a series of 30 shipping containersfor maximum mobility. It is also quickly assembled and taken apart again – each part of the process taking only a week or two. 

Nomadic Futuristic Mobile Yurt Design

Nomadic Futuristic Mobile Yurt Design
Nomadic Futuristic Mobile Yurt Design
The so-called Life Pod looks like anything but a last resort. If anything, it looks rather like an exotic micro-resort. It is equipped with transformable feet that allow it to adapt to various surface conditions or even be suspended in mid-air to minimally impact the surrounding environment – a literal way to lower the eco-footprint of the structure. Minimalist inside and out, the super-strong structure uses state-of-the-art engineering for maximum durability, in turn increasing its sustainability.

wonderfull tree house

Creative Futuristic Tree House Design
Creative Futuristic Tree House Design

Some tree houses are sheltered beneath canopies, others are anchored to trees themselves but these retro-futuristic tree house designs rise loftily above the tree line. The prefabricated modular structure can be configured for site-specific obstacles and opportunities as well as client-specific spatial needs – and is designed to be assembled within a few short weeks.

Carbon-Neutral Sustainable Pyramid City

Carbon-Neutral Sustainable Pyramid City
7 Million Person Capacity Pyramid
It is difficult to get a sense of the scale of this massive Ziggurat which will be able to house 7 million people – more than some of the largest cities in the United States. When finished, this structure will essentially be a city unto itself – complete with public transportation running not only horizontally through it but also vertically. It is designed to be carbon-neutral and to draw much of its energy from an external grid of solar panels covering most of its exterior surface area.

Greenest Building in the World

Greenest Building in the World
Greenest Building in the World
Aside from a stunningly elegant design what makes this building so special is, for starters, the fact that it generates power for its own construction even as it is being built. The roof, assembled first, is covered with solar panels that will harness energy well before the rest of the building is completed. When finished, the structure will have the lowest power consumption per foot of any building in the world – and will ultimately generate far more energy that it consumes. 

dream house

Organic Self-Growing House Design
Organic Self Growing House Design
Why buy or build a house when you could simply grow your own? That is precisely the concept behind the Fab Tree Hab –architecture that grows over time. Heavy trees are slowly woven together as they develop to form the essential structure while lighter materials like vines are used to create more detailed connections and canopies. The result? A mixture of predictable and unpredictable, organic and constructed and certainly the endproduct is bound to be slightly different with each iteration. 

GREEN FUTURE

Vegitecture Sustainable Community Design
Super Vegitated Sustainable Community Design
What if architects thought of ‘green’ as a building material, an integral material to be thought of throughout the design process or even as the basis for it? This visionary community design wraps green into every layer, aspect and dimension of the design to the point where sustainability runs through the final project like an endless mobius strip, completely interwoven with the rest of the architecture on the site.


GREEN ARCHITECTURE

Superstar Sustainable Star City Design
Superstar Sustainable Star City Design
From the look of the above images you might indeed believe MAD architects to be entirely insane. However, their star city design – while technically complex and aesthetically surreal – actually has a good deal to recommend itself. The small footprint and structurally strong geometry of these odd sub-cities make them more easily self-supporting. In short, they don’t tax the ‘host’ city or area where they are set up. The are supposedly entirely sustainable and equipped to operate as autonomous cities that interact only selectively with their environments. 

FUTURE GREEN ARCHITECTURAL WONDER

Origamic Emergency Relief Shelter Designs
The beauty of these elegantly folded bamboo structures is far more than skin deep. Individual modules are configurable to accommodate different conditions and create a variety of spaces all without compromising their structural stability. Also, the structures are remarkably straightforward to transport in flat form and assemble on site and are simple to recycle as-needed because they are built out of easily grown organic material. With all of these sustainable and practical benefits one has to wonderif there aren’t even more uses for origamic structures than just as emergency shelters.(Source)
Origamic Emergency Relief Shelter Designs

Wednesday, 3 July 2013

Modern architectural wonders of green technology

With an irresponsible attitude of social community members toward the preservation of the environment and its resources, scientists were prompted to take steps to curb wastage of natural resources. The green technology has been developed with the help of environmental science and green chemistry.The green technology comes in different forms, i.e., a lot of architectural wonders are created using this green wonder. It is at the forefront of the environment protection. The modern architectural wonders of green technology reveals artistic excellence.

1. Lilypad



The Lilypad project was envisioned by Vincent Callebaut, a renowned architect. It's a project that will be one of its kind in a millennium. The avant-garde setup is an evolution of sea habitat for climate refugees. A series of floating cities or islands that would house 50,000 residents has all kinds of modern amenities and is a pledge to environment protection. Solar energy is the main driving force, the homes in these floating cities consist of green walls and roofs.



2. Bahrain houses



Middle east is supposedly facing a revolutionary trend in terms of going green. The Wind Turbines set in the desert area is one of the first of its kind to generate power to commercial establishment and integrated on the Bahrain World Center, they spell history and promise a pollution free environment. However, it is only after a detailed analysis that one will get to know of its actual power generation potential.



3. Maglev Wind Turbine


It is currently an underlying concept which is probably the coolest futuristic vision and the brightest one too! It aims to generate approximately one gigawatt of power that means lighting up a whole city with just a magnetically levitated wind turbine. Developed by Chinese, Guazonghou Energy Institute, it is a breakthrough in the scientific age and intends to take the Green Technology torchlight ahead.


4. Las Vegas City Center


A dream project which is taking shape at the world's luxurious casino, Las Vegas, this project is a trademark resources preservation project and an ode to environment conservation. It is a sustainable project that practices the following environment-friendly steps - boasts of natural lighting, promises ecofriendly products and most importantly recycling of hazardous waste. It is certainly ready to earn kudos from tourists around the world who visit Las Vegas for fun, excitement, and money.

5. Rotating Tower

Spectacular rotating tower to add to its green list - an architectural miracle, the Rotating Tower again adds a feather to the Middle East's architectural wonders after the Burj-Al-Arab and Bahrain's Wind Turbines. The Rotating Skyscraper is wind powered that rotates independently to give residents the freedom to choose their view and is power housed by wind turbines. Dubai is another wonderful and exciting place after Las Vegas.



6. Chicago Architectural Club



Due to the inefficiency of the earlier Chicago Spire, the Solar Spiral came into existence. The Solar Spiral is a power plant and a modern social amenity that can be used to held conferences, meetings, and exhibitions. It provides silence and inexpensive solar power to both business and public. This unique concept is an answer to the pollution and hazards spread in the environment.




7. Urban Farm, Urban Epicenter style


An urban proposal, that sparkles eyes for its interesting and innovative concept. It tends to create habitats with civic facilities as water recycling and food production. Citizens can get a chance to relax in the lap of nature. Natural lighting and ventilation lights up the skyscrapers and is meant to provide a healthy lifestyle for the residents. Fresh air and fresh water, which in today's world is a luxury are its basic facilities.





8. Dongtan EcoCity 2010, China



The hub of industrialization, it is an ecofriendly and environment concerned nation despite its high population. The eco city was show cased at Shanghai's Expo 2010 and is proposed to grow like any other city by the year 2040. The eco-city's prime concern would be to recycle food and water and conserve environmental resources. A modern design, cleaner environment, and healthy lifestyle eagerly awaits the residents.


9. Entangled Bank



An integrated unit of house or business units where each business is self-reliant yet surviving on the same resources. It is proposed to be set up in Dallas, a small place in North America. Each unit flaunts a skyscraper that is topped up with a sky garden. Renewable energy generators, glass retention ponds give the units a natural uplift and recycling water, that's powered by vertical axis wind turbines.




10. California academy of sciences museum



Museums are meant to display not only antiques and traditional artefacts, but also modern exceptions. Designed by Italian architect, Renzo Piano, it's a 484 million dollar project that will be the most largest public building and will qualify under U.S. Council's LEED rankings. The museum will house a planetarium, fresh salt water aquarium with salt water available from the Pacific Ocean, a rain forest with flying birds that will be a treat to people's eyes and senses and will rejunevate their moods. This will also be a delight for kids.




ABSOLUTE MUST SEE BUILDINGS

"SOME MORE WONDERS"
We know about natural wonders of the world like the Grand Canyon, Mount Everest, Niagara Falls and so on...But why not we think about the Man - Made Wonders. Lets talk about the absolute must-see buildings.




1. Empire State Building, New York City, NY

This art deco skyscraper stood as the world's tallest building for more than forty years and now it's 12th. The empire state building is one of the world’s most recognizable skyscrapers. Empire state building is one of the popular attraction in New York city. The tower has 102 storeys and was built in the 30s. There are two observatories, one is on the 86th floor, where you can see a breath-taking 360-degree view of the city. There is also a much smaller observation deck on the 102nd floor.Empire State Building


2. Kogod Courtyard, Washington D.C.

The courtyard was designed to make visitors feel like they’re outside, without having to deal with cold and rain. Thus, a roof was necessary to making the space truly useful, and the architects decided upon a wavy glass and steel structure, with glass panels set in a grid and supported by columns. There are several pools of water, which are only a quarter inch deep. They reflect the courtyard and can also be turned off to accommodate more people in the space. Adorning the courtyard are two 32-foot ficus trees and 16 black olive trees, which are filled in with a variety of shrubs and ferns. The space is 28,000 square feet, and will feature free wireless internet access. it was Designed by Norman Foster, this elegant glass canopy was built as an addition to the museum and houses part of the Smithsonian's art gallery. It won the prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1999. It's over 28,000 square feet of glass and gives the impression of a floating ceiling.
Kogod Courtyard

3. Panama Canal, Panama

Panama canal is a man-made canal that remains one of the most impressive engineering feats of our time. Panama Canal links the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Tt was built as a travel port and has had an enormous impact on shipping between the east and west. Each year over 14,000 vessels pass through its concrete tunneled walls. The canal has been enormously successful, and continues to be a key conduit for international maritime trade. The canal can accommodate vessels from small private yachts up to large commercial vessels.
Panama Canal

4. Red Ribbon, Qinhuangdao, China

In Qinhuangdao, China the Tanghe River Park features a new installation of a red steel bench that runs for half a kilometre through the park. The Red Ribbon project is th winner of American Society of Landscape Architects award and was also selected by readers of Conde Nast Traveller magazine as one of the seven new wonders of the architecture world. This knee-high red steel bench acts as a viewing place for the area's lush vegetation and diverse species. The challenge of this project is to protect the good ecological condition of the site and to ensure safety hygiene accessiblity and attractiveness, allowing people touse the site as an urban park. This "red ribbon" provides seating, environmental interpretation, lighting and displaying of native plants.
Red Ribbon, Qinhuangdao, China



5. Hoover Dam, Border of Arizona and Nevada

Hoover Dam, originally known as Boulder Dam, is a concrete arch-gravity dam in the Black Canyon of the Colorado River, on the border between the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada. Hoover Dam is one of the world's largest hydro-electric generating stations. Hoover Dam is one of the most jaw-dropping sites in the US. The dam is named after America's 31st president, Herbert Hoover, who played a large role in bringing the nearby states into agreement about water allocations, settling a 25-year controversy. One more great thing about this dam is it was completed ahead of schedule. Construction began in 1931 and finished in 1936. Two years ahead of schedule and well under budget.

Hoover Dam




PALM ISLANDS DUBAI

PALM ISLANDS DUBAI:
The Palm Islands are an artificial archipelago (islands) in DubaiUnited Arab Emirates (UAE), off the coast in the Persian Gulf. Major commercial and residential infrastructure will be constructed by Nakheel Properties, a property developer in the UAE. The Belgian and Dutch dredging and marine contractors Jan De Nul and Van Oord, some of the world's leading specialists in land reclamation, were hired to complete construction. The islands are the Palm Jumeirah, the Palm Jebel Ali and thePalm Deira.
Each settlement will be in the shape of a palm tree, topped with a crescent. The settlements will have a large number of residential, leisure and entertainment centers. The Palm Islands will add 520 kilometers of beaches to the city of Dubai.
The first two islands will comprise approximately 100,000 cubic metres (3,500,000 cu ft) of rock and sand. The Palm Deira will be composed of approximately one billion cubic meters of rock and sand. All materials will be quarried in The UAE. Among the three islands, there will be over 100 luxury hotels, exclusive residential beach-side villas and apartments, marinas, water theme parks, restaurants, shopping malls, sports facilities and health spas.
The creation of the Palm Jumeirah began in June 2001. Shortly after, the Palm Jebel Ali was announced and reclamation work began. The Palm Deira is planned to have a surface area of 46.35 square kilometres (17.90 sq mi) and was announced for development in October 2004. Before the impact of the global credit crunch hit Dubai, construction was originally planned to take 10–15 years.
Two other artificial archipelagos, The World and The Universe, are located between the Palm Islands.
CONSTRUCTION:

The Palm Islands are artificial islands constructed from sand dredged from the bottom of the Persian Gulf by the Belgian company,Jan De Nul and the Dutch company, Van Oord. The sand is sprayed from the dredging ships, which are guided by a Digital Global Positioning System, on to the required area in a process known as rainbowing. The process is known as rainbowing because of the rainbow-like arcs produced in the air when the sand is sprayed. The outer edge of each palm's encircling crescent is a large rock breakwater. The breakwater of the Palm Jumeirah has over seven million tons of rock. Each rock was placed individually by a crane, signed off by a diver and given a Global Positioning System coordinate. The Jan De Nul Group started working on the Palm Jebel Ali in 2002 and had finished by the end of 2006. The reclamation project for the Palm Jebel Ali includes the creation of a four-kilometer-long peninsula, protected by a 200-meter-wide, seventeen-kilometer long circular breakwater. There are 210,000,000 cubic meters of rock, sand and limestone that were reclaimed (partly originating from the Jebel Ali entrance channel dredging work). There are approximately 10,000,000 cubic meters of rocks in the Slope Protection Works.

Palm Jumeirah



The Palm Jumeirah  consists of a tree trunk, a crown with 16 fronds, and a surrounding crescent island that forms an 11 kilometer-long breakwater. The island itself is five kilometers by five kilometers. It will add 78 kilometers to the Dubai coastline. Over the next three to four years, the first phase of development on the Palm Jumeirah will create 4,000 residences included in a combination of villas and apartments.
According to project developer, Nakheel Properties, residents began moving into their Palm Jumeirah properties at the end of 2006, five years after land reclamation began. This signaled the end of phase one of construction, which included approximately 1,400 villas on 11 of the fronds of the island and roughly 2,500 shoreline apartments in 20 buildings on the east side of the trunk.
In accordance to a deal made with Airship Management Services Inc., Nakheel Properties will mark the arrival of the first residents by bringing one of the world's largest airships, a 60 meter long, 7,100 cubic meter Skyship 600 dirigible to Dubai.
According to officials at Nakheel Properties, the process of adding 78 kilometers of beach is under way. Eight of the 32 hotels on the Palm Jumeirah have begun construction, including the Taj Exotica Resort and Spa, which was planned for completion in late 2008 or early 2009. Construction is now delayed and the beaches are expected to open in early 2010. The first phase of Atlantis, The Palm Resort, was scheduled to be completed by December 2008. Atlantis, the Palm opened on September 24, 2008.
The "Golden Mile," the strip of land located along the center of the trunk overlooking the canal, is set for completion in the first quarter of 2008. The tenants started moving in on April 30, 2009. Construction has also begun on the Palm Jumeirah Monorail, which will take three years to complete and will serve as a transit system between the Gateway Station at the trunk of the Palm Jumeirah and the Atlantis Station on the crescent. (Emirates News Agency, WAM). The Monorail opened on May 6, 2009, but only utilized the Atlantis Hotel and Gateway Towers Stations.

Palm Jebel Ali

The Palm Jebel Ali Umar began construction in October 2002 and was expected to be completed in mid-2008.[1][2] Once it has been completed, it will encircle the Dubai Waterfront. The project, which is 50% larger than the Palm Jumeirah project, will include six marinas, a water theme park, a sea village, homes built on stilts, andboardwalks that encircle the fronds of the palm and spell out an Arabic poem by Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum:
Take wisdom from the wise
It takes a man of vision to write on water
Not everyone who rides a horse is a jockey
Great men rise to greater challenges
As of early October 2007, construction of the Island was on schedule. The breakwater was completed in December 2006 and infrastructure work began in April 2007 .Major construction will not begin until most of the infrastructure work is complete.
One of the first buildings on the Palm Jebel Ali is already planned. Nakheel Properties invited several architects to design a building on a 300,000 meters squared area. The winning design was a building by Royal Haskoning, who has also worked on several other projects in Dubai. The building can be seen here
From the first signs of a slowing Dubai property market, the prices of properties being sold on the Palm Jebel Ali were reported to have fallen by 40% in two months: the fall being attributed to the financial crisis of 2007–2010. Due to the 2008 market decline, work stopped on the Palm Jebel Ali.
In 2012, the first phase of four theme parks will open on the crescent. These parks, which together will be called "World of Discovery," will be developed and operated by Busch Entertainment Corporation. The parks include SeaWorld, Aquatica, Busch Gardens and Discovery Cove. The World of Discovery will be located at the top of the crescent, which will be in the shape of an orca (reminiscent of Shamu.)

Palm Deira

The Palm Deira was announced for development in October 2004. No timetable for completion has been announced. The first announced design was eight times larger than the Palm Jumeirah and five times larger than the Palm Jebel Ali. The Palm Deira is intended to house one million people. Originally, the design called for a 14 kilometer by 8.5 kilometer island with 41 fronds. Due to a substantial change in depth in the Persian Gulf, the island was redesigned in May 2007. The project then became a 12.5 kilometer by 7.5 kilometer island with 18 larger fronds. It will be located alongside Deira.
By early October 2007, 20% of the island's reclamation was complete as a total of 200 million cubic meters of sand was already used. Then in early April 2008, Nakheel Properties announced that more than a quarter of the total area of the Palm Deira had been reclaimed. This amounted to 300 million cubic meters of sand. Since the island is so large, it is being developed in several phases. The first one is the creation of Deira Island. This portion will sit alongside the Deira Corniche, between the entrance to Dubai Creek and Al Hamriya Port. Promotional materials state that Deira Island will act as "the gateway to the Palm Deira" and help revitalize the aging area of Deira. By early April 2008, 80% of Deira Island's reclamation was complete.
A new redesign was quietly introduced in November 2008, further reducing the size of the project.